An acquisition is a situation whereby one company purchases most or all of another company’s shares in order to take control. An acquisition occurs when a buying company obtains more than 50% ownership in a target company. As part of the exchange, the acquiring company often purchases the target company’s stock and other assets, which allows the acquiring company to make decisions regarding the newly acquired assets without the approval of the target company’s shareholders.
Acquisitions often become a part of a company’s growth strategy when it is more beneficial to acquire an existing firm’s operations than it is to expand its own. Sometimes expanding compromises efficiency. Whether because the company is becoming too bureaucratic or it runs into physical or logistical resource constraints, eventually its marginal productivity peaks. To find higher growth and new profits, the large firm may look for promising young companies to acquire and incorporate into its revenue stream.